DIY CV Axle Replacement

  1. Welcome to Toyota Tundra Forums : Tundra Solutions Forums General discussion forum for Toyota Trucks

    Welcome to Toyota Tundra Forums : Tundra Solutions Forums - a website dedicated to all things Toyota Tundra.

    You are currently viewing our forum as a guest, which gives you limited access to view most discussions and access our other features. By joining our community, at no cost, you will have access to post topics, communicate privately with other members (PM), respond to polls, upload content and access many other special features. Registration is free, fast and simple, Join Toyota Tundra Forums : Tundra Solutions Forums today!
     
Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast
Results 1 to 15 of 21
Like Tree6Likes

Thread: CV Axle Replacement

  1. #1
    Junior Member 87runner's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2011
    Location
    Flagstaff
    Posts
    155
    Liked
    31 times
    Rep Power
    5286

    Default CV Axle Replacement

    I have been procrastinating this fix for a while now because work has been hectic and quite frankly, I just haven’t had the time to do it. With winter approaching, I figured I needed to get on the ball and get this CV axle fixed. Since the CV boot had been torn for a while (6 months), the only proper way to address the problem was to replace the entire CV axle. Hopefully these pics and instructions can help you out if you are looking at replacing your CV. It really isn’t a hard job, I did it in about two hours and this is my first time attempting it.

    Necessary tools:
    -Screwdriver
    -Pry Bar
    -3/8 ratchet with extension
    -14mm and 36mm sockets
    -Breaker Bar
    -Hammer
    -Rubber Mallet

    Instructions
    1. Start off with jacking up the front of the vehicle and removing the wheel and tire. Always use jackstands!
    2. There will be a black dust cover right in the center of the hub. Remove this cover using a prybar or screwdriver, it may be on there pretty good so use a hammer if necessary being careful to not to damage the hub or cover. (see pic)
    3. You will see a cotter pin, nut cover (keeps the nut from spinning loose), and a 36mm nut. (see pic)
    4. Take your breaker bar and 36mm socket. You may need an assistant for this part. Either apply the brakes or use a pry bar between the wheel studs to keep the disc from spinning. I prefer the brake method. This nut is torqued down to yes, 173 foot pounds!!! Once you break it loose, leave the nut on there, we will be coming back to this part.
    5. Remove the strut assembly, this will allow easier removal and installation of the CV. My instruction manual only mentioned removing the lower strut assembly bolt, however I found that complete removal will make the job go much quicker and easier.
    6. Underneath your lower balljoint there are (4) 14mm bolts. Remove all 4, this will allow you to swing the steering knuckle out to remove the CV. (see pic)
    7. Now that the steering knuckle is free of the lower balljoint, grab your 36mm socket, a piece of wood, and a hammer; what we are gonna do here is hammer out the CV from the hub. Loosen the 36mm nut most of the way off the CV but leave it threaded on a few pitches. Place the 36mm socket on the nut and use a block of wood to keep from damaging the socket when you hit it. A few good hits with the hammer should break the CV loose from the hub. Some manuals suggest using a brass drift to hit it loose, I didn't have a drift nor did I want to spend $20 for one. The method I used is effective and keeps you from damaging the threads on the CV.
    8. Swing the knuckle outward to remove the CV from the hub.
    9. At this point the CV will still be attached to the differential, go ahead and grab the CV shaft between the two boots and give that CV a few good yanks. It should pull free of the differential. Some manuals suggest the driver side CV requires a special tool to remove. I happened to be replacing the driver side for this write-up and it is definitely removable using a little bit of muscle. Be ready for some diff fluid to pour out, have a drip pan or something similar ready.
    10. There are two pieces you will want to retain from your old CV if they are still good; the inner dust seal and the outer wheel seal. Take note of how they are placed on the CV as this is the way they need to go on the new CV. I purchased an outer wheel seal, however, they gave me the wrong part and I had to use my old seal due to not having a vehicle to get back to the part shop. Fortunately, it was still good and has been holding up fine for the last few weeks.
    11. You will likely get hit with a core charge buying a CV axle, my local store wanted $93 for the core so be prepared for that.
    12. Slap the inner dust seal and outer wheel seal on the new CV being careful not to warp them. A Rubber mallet and nice easy taps are your friend
    13. You will notice a small clip on the differential side of the CV, this is what keeps it in the differential. Slide that side into the diff and thread the 36mm nut onto the new CV. You will notice when the clip catches, the CV will go in about halfways and stop. Don’t worry though, if it’s halfway in your splines are lined up so you won’t be damaging them or the differential when you tap it in. Couple taps with a hammer on the 36mm socket (like you did to remove the old one from the hub) while holding the CV even with the differential and it will go into place. You will know when the CV is all the way in; look underneath and the dust seal will be flush with the diff..
    14. Make sure your outer wheel seal is in place on the CV and slide it into the hub. A little lithium grease on the splines helps it go into place a little better. Torque the CV nut down to spec (yep, a 173 ft. pounds) and make sure you replace the “nut cap”, cotter pin, and dust cover. An assistant may be necessary again to depress the brakes while you torque the nut.
    15. Install the 4 lower balljoint bolts, these can be tricky because the balljoint has to be level in order for them to thread in nice and even. My suggestion would be to start one bolt a few pitches, then thread the bolt diagonal to it a few pitches. Once you have all 4 threaded in a bit you can go ahead and tighten em up, torque specs are 59 ft.lbs.
    16. Time to re-install your strut assembly, if you have the Bilstein 5100’s or a spacer it may be necessary to loosen or remove your swaybar nut to drop the lower control arm enough to put the lower strut bolt in. Thread your top nuts first, then put the bottom bolt in. As I have found out in another thread it does not matter which way the bolt goes in so long as you torque it down correctly. Top nuts get 49 ft lbs of torque, lower bolt gets 100 ft. lbs. If you loosened or removed the swaybar nut go ahead and torque that back down to 14 ft. lbs.
    17. Throw the wheel back on and take it for a test ride. Make sure you aren’t leaking diff fluid and test out the 4wd. Congrats, you have yourself a new CV axle!

    For those interested, the cause of my torn CV boot was two fold…
    1. It was slightly ripped when I bought the truck
    2. When I added the 5100’s without the Diff drop kit, it compounded the issue and ripped the CV completely

    Fortunately, the other CV faired well and after installing the diff drop, it still is looking good. The moral of the story is, install a diff drop anytime you order 5100’s, spacers, or coilover lifts! Your CV boots will eventually tear! Attachment 80686Attachment 80687Attachment 80688Attachment 80689Attachment 80690Attachment 80691Attachment 80692Attachment 80693
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0160.jpg 
Views:	2130 
Size:	568.7 KB 
ID:	80702   Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0157.jpg 
Views:	2027 
Size:	514.3 KB 
ID:	80703   Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0162.jpg 
Views:	2027 
Size:	355.3 KB 
ID:	80704   Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0161.jpg 
Views:	2045 
Size:	293.0 KB 
ID:	80705   Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0013.jpg 
Views:	2161 
Size:	297.9 KB 
ID:	80706   Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0011.jpg 
Views:	2245 
Size:	450.4 KB 
ID:	80707   Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0159.jpg 
Views:	1989 
Size:	499.7 KB 
ID:	80708   Click image for larger version. 

Name:	IMG_0020.jpg 
Views:	2716 
Size:	458.6 KB 
ID:	80709  
    Last edited by 87runner; 12-03-2011 at 09:07 AM.

  2. Remove Advertisements
    Toyota Tundra Forum
    Advertisements
     

  3. #2
    Veteran Member Derek24's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2007
    Location
    Sunnyvale,CA
    Posts
    1,365
    Liked
    180 times
    Images
    108
    Rep Power
    19434

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Looks good, and nice write up! This will help me in a couple of months when I regear to 4.56's! Thanks!
    2003 Sequoia Limited 4wd- Revtec lift, 285/70/17 Nitto Terra Grapplers

    Life's a bore, I'm going pig hunting...

  4. #3
    Veteran Member 5 Speed's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2002
    Location
    Santa Barbara, CA
    Posts
    914
    Liked
    93 times
    Images
    19
    Rep Power
    3818

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Very nice write up. Instead of having to put on the brakes to torque down the nut do you think putting it in 4x4 low and setting the rear parking brake would have held the axil in place with enough pressure to prevent movement? Where did you get the replacement and how much did it set you back?
    Last edited by 5 Speed; 12-03-2011 at 01:17 PM.

  5. #4
    Supporter kerryman71's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2009
    Location
    Worcester, MA
    Age
    43
    Posts
    2,696
    Liked
    802 times
    Images
    27
    Rep Power
    229046

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Good work and thanks for the write up. I hope I don't need it any time soon .

    John
    The fools, the fools the fools! They have left us
    our Fenian dead, and while Ireland holds these
    graves, Ireland unfree shall never be at peace!

    Padraig Mac Piarais (Patrick Pearse)

  6. #5
    Junior Member 87runner's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2011
    Location
    Flagstaff
    Posts
    155
    Liked
    31 times
    Rep Power
    5286
    Thread Starter

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Quote Originally Posted by 5 Speed View Post
    Very nice write up. Instead of having to put on the brakes to torque down the nut do you think putting it in 4x4 low and setting the rear parking brake would have held the axil in place with enough pressure to prevent movement? Where did you get the replacement and how much did it set you back?
    I suppose thats possible although I am not sure that I would want to put that kind of strain on the diff and transfer case. 173 lbs of torque is a lot and I would recommend utilizing the brake method if you have an assistant, if not then it sounds like your method would work.

  7. #6
    September Sky Highwaylizard's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    above the below
    Posts
    7,118
    Liked
    2076 times
    Images
    65
    Rep Power
    229685

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    When I changed out the wheel bearings on the front driver's axle we actually had to heat the nut with a torch to get it to break loose - after having bent a pry-bar angled though the lug nuts and braced on the ground.

    Excellent write-up. I will use this when I change out my CV axles in the Spring. This should be a sticky. Points sent.
    Last edited by Highwaylizard; 12-01-2012 at 03:13 PM.
    Tundra Fuel Economy Blog
    272,449 miles on the odometer [come see me when you get that on your ford]

    Highwaylizard 2004 Tundra Double Cab Limited Edition 4.7 liter V8, four speed automatic, four wheel drive, testing platform for fuel economy, self designed cold air intake using ram air principle, Ultragauge, Fitch Fuel Catalyst, Aero Turbine, "Foolie Exhaust" from Aero Turbine back, AFe open intake, Mobile 1 in the engine, NAPA oil filter, NAPA in the differentials. 3:91 gears in the front (Thanks Cajuntundra!) and rear (Thanks Nytrousboy!) differentials, Michelin LTX M/S2 tires

  8. #7
    Junior Member KNABORES's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2006
    Location
    Cabot, AR
    Posts
    207
    Liked
    2 times
    Images
    15
    Rep Power
    9

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Just did the swap. Worked out great. BTW no need to remove the strut assembly, came out fine without.
    Spend the money and do it right the first time!!!!

  9. #8
    September Sky Highwaylizard's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    above the below
    Posts
    7,118
    Liked
    2076 times
    Images
    65
    Rep Power
    229685

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Just replaced my passenger side today. Had a leaking seal on the carrier and torn boots. Complete CV shaft was $58 which was not much more than the boots would have cost. So, went to a buddy's house who has more tools, a 36 mm socket, air impact wrench, and tons of goodies. Got everything done in about three hours including breaks and put all back together, topped off the gear oil. Did not remove the strut. Drove back home happy that there would be no more leaks on the driveway. Differential completely empty, oil all along the bottom of the truck and in the driveway. Must have caught the lip on the install. No way to fix this myself as I am on strict physical restriction for the next three weeks from my surgery scheduled for 7 am tomorrow. FML.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	100_2259.jpg 
Views:	1467 
Size:	539.8 KB 
ID:	89887Click image for larger version. 

Name:	100_2258.jpg 
Views:	1828 
Size:	633.3 KB 
ID:	89888
    Tundra Fuel Economy Blog
    272,449 miles on the odometer [come see me when you get that on your ford]

    Highwaylizard 2004 Tundra Double Cab Limited Edition 4.7 liter V8, four speed automatic, four wheel drive, testing platform for fuel economy, self designed cold air intake using ram air principle, Ultragauge, Fitch Fuel Catalyst, Aero Turbine, "Foolie Exhaust" from Aero Turbine back, AFe open intake, Mobile 1 in the engine, NAPA oil filter, NAPA in the differentials. 3:91 gears in the front (Thanks Cajuntundra!) and rear (Thanks Nytrousboy!) differentials, Michelin LTX M/S2 tires

  10. #9
    September Sky Highwaylizard's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    above the below
    Posts
    7,118
    Liked
    2076 times
    Images
    65
    Rep Power
    229685

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Replaced my CV today. What an experience. When pulling out the remanufactured CV it pulled apart. No u-joints inside the inner boot. What a mess. An hour and a half later I go it out of the differential using two flat head screwdrivers, a hammer, and a flat pry bar. Managed to get a lift out to NAPA and discovered that the replacement CV was the wrong one. NAPA has agreed to replace it with the correct one for free. Took forever to get the new CV into the differential and finally put the truck in four wheel and the splines lined up immediately. Rest of the reassembly went flawless - except that it still leaks gear oil. Will pull it all apart again tomorrow and replace the seal.
    Tundra Fuel Economy Blog
    272,449 miles on the odometer [come see me when you get that on your ford]

    Highwaylizard 2004 Tundra Double Cab Limited Edition 4.7 liter V8, four speed automatic, four wheel drive, testing platform for fuel economy, self designed cold air intake using ram air principle, Ultragauge, Fitch Fuel Catalyst, Aero Turbine, "Foolie Exhaust" from Aero Turbine back, AFe open intake, Mobile 1 in the engine, NAPA oil filter, NAPA in the differentials. 3:91 gears in the front (Thanks Cajuntundra!) and rear (Thanks Nytrousboy!) differentials, Michelin LTX M/S2 tires

  11. #10
    September Sky Highwaylizard's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    above the below
    Posts
    7,118
    Liked
    2076 times
    Images
    65
    Rep Power
    229685

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Pulled it all apart, replaced the seal, reassembled everything in just a little over an hour. Seal still leaking FML. Old seal was definitely ruined - split in two places and the spring was crimped in two places. My buddy must have hit it with the CV when he replaced it on Sunday. I think I may have hit this one too. Cleaned everything up to see if it is actually leaking or if it is just oil dripping from all the oil my differential dumped from the first repair. Still leaking. Off to NAPA I go.
    Tundra Fuel Economy Blog
    272,449 miles on the odometer [come see me when you get that on your ford]

    Highwaylizard 2004 Tundra Double Cab Limited Edition 4.7 liter V8, four speed automatic, four wheel drive, testing platform for fuel economy, self designed cold air intake using ram air principle, Ultragauge, Fitch Fuel Catalyst, Aero Turbine, "Foolie Exhaust" from Aero Turbine back, AFe open intake, Mobile 1 in the engine, NAPA oil filter, NAPA in the differentials. 3:91 gears in the front (Thanks Cajuntundra!) and rear (Thanks Nytrousboy!) differentials, Michelin LTX M/S2 tires

  12. #11
    September Sky Highwaylizard's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    above the below
    Posts
    7,118
    Liked
    2076 times
    Images
    65
    Rep Power
    229685

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Okay - learned a few more things here. First, the seal was seated too deep - bottomed out against the back wall. The seal is supposed to be flush with the first step. So, becoming the quick change expert that I am with this I went to Toyota and bought another seal (close to $30) and returned home to fix this. Got the truck up in the air, removed the wheel, unbolted the knuckle, swung the knuckle out of the way and secured it with a strap. Ran a second strap through the strut tower and created a sling for the CV axle to rest level on and proceed to tug it out of the differential.

    U-joint inside the boot closest to the differential breaks and here we are revisiting the first CV experience. Called NAPA - no go on this one since they now feel it is my fault the CV axles are breaking. I used two flat head screwdrivers and a hammer to pop the rest of the CV out of the differential. Note for those who may do a CV removal in the future - this is the best way to remove the CV without damaging it. Using two identical sized flat head screwdrivers gently tap them into the gap between the housing of the differential and the backside of the CV until it pops out. The screwdrivers should be inserted at the 3 and 9 o'clock position. This eliminates the stress on the u-joints created when tugging on the CV axle. Just to be clear - pulling on the CV shaft places you at a high risk of breaking the u-joints inside the boot. Once they break you have no way of getting the CV out of the differential other than prying it out with the screwdrivers.

    Brand new CV will be delivered to NAPA around 5 pm and I will go pick it up (about $100) and finish up the repair.
    Last edited by Highwaylizard; 12-01-2012 at 03:16 PM.
    Tundra Fuel Economy Blog
    272,449 miles on the odometer [come see me when you get that on your ford]

    Highwaylizard 2004 Tundra Double Cab Limited Edition 4.7 liter V8, four speed automatic, four wheel drive, testing platform for fuel economy, self designed cold air intake using ram air principle, Ultragauge, Fitch Fuel Catalyst, Aero Turbine, "Foolie Exhaust" from Aero Turbine back, AFe open intake, Mobile 1 in the engine, NAPA oil filter, NAPA in the differentials. 3:91 gears in the front (Thanks Cajuntundra!) and rear (Thanks Nytrousboy!) differentials, Michelin LTX M/S2 tires

  13. #12
    Veteran Member kovawa's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2008
    Location
    so cal
    Posts
    523
    Liked
    160 times
    Rep Power
    10364

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Quote Originally Posted by Highwaylizard View Post
    This eliminates the stress on the u-joints created when tugging on the CV axle. [/SIZE][/B] Just to be clear - pulling on the CV shaft places you at a high risk of breaking teh u-joints inside the boot. Once they break you have no way of getting the CV out of the differential other than prying it out with the screwdrivers.

    Brand new CV will be delivered to NAPA around 5 pm and I will go pick it up (about $100) and finish up the repair.
    Oh Wow -You'd been trying to yank the axle out by pulling on it? It's no wonder you were having problems! CV axles, especially the ones with the inner "Tripod" style joint don't take kindly to "yankin'" The joints are only held in their housing by small cir-clips and the rubber boot itself. It's always best to subscribe to the "Bigger Pry-Bar Theory" when trying to remove the axle stub from the front diff.
    Highwaylizard likes this.
    2006 DC 4X4 SR5 Phantom Grey Metallic. Mods include: Full Tint,LED lighting inside & Out. Front End Leveling Kit, 900 watt JBL/Alpine audio System, Mishimoto Aluminum Radiator, OBX Stainless Steel Headers, Magniflow Muffler, TRD Dual Exhaust, Polyurethane Upper/Lower Control Arm & P/S Rack Bushings.

  14. #13
    September Sky Highwaylizard's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    above the below
    Posts
    7,118
    Liked
    2076 times
    Images
    65
    Rep Power
    229685

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Quote Originally Posted by kovawa View Post
    Oh Wow -You'd been trying to yank the axle out by pulling on it? It's no wonder you were having problems! CV axles, especially the ones with the inner "Tripod" style joint don't take kindly to "yankin'" The joints are only held in their housing by small cir-clips and the rubber boot itself. It's always best to subscribe to the "Bigger Pry-Bar Theory" when trying to remove the axle stub from the front diff.
    Yeah - learned some expensive lessons here. Going to pick up the new CV in a few minutes. Will be glad to put this all behind me.
    Derek24 likes this.
    Tundra Fuel Economy Blog
    272,449 miles on the odometer [come see me when you get that on your ford]

    Highwaylizard 2004 Tundra Double Cab Limited Edition 4.7 liter V8, four speed automatic, four wheel drive, testing platform for fuel economy, self designed cold air intake using ram air principle, Ultragauge, Fitch Fuel Catalyst, Aero Turbine, "Foolie Exhaust" from Aero Turbine back, AFe open intake, Mobile 1 in the engine, NAPA oil filter, NAPA in the differentials. 3:91 gears in the front (Thanks Cajuntundra!) and rear (Thanks Nytrousboy!) differentials, Michelin LTX M/S2 tires

  15. #14
    September Sky Highwaylizard's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    above the below
    Posts
    7,118
    Liked
    2076 times
    Images
    65
    Rep Power
    229685

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    New CV installed last night, test drove, got up this morning - no leaks. Lesson learned.
    Tundra Fuel Economy Blog
    272,449 miles on the odometer [come see me when you get that on your ford]

    Highwaylizard 2004 Tundra Double Cab Limited Edition 4.7 liter V8, four speed automatic, four wheel drive, testing platform for fuel economy, self designed cold air intake using ram air principle, Ultragauge, Fitch Fuel Catalyst, Aero Turbine, "Foolie Exhaust" from Aero Turbine back, AFe open intake, Mobile 1 in the engine, NAPA oil filter, NAPA in the differentials. 3:91 gears in the front (Thanks Cajuntundra!) and rear (Thanks Nytrousboy!) differentials, Michelin LTX M/S2 tires

  16. #15
    Veteran Member Derek24's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2007
    Location
    Sunnyvale,CA
    Posts
    1,365
    Liked
    180 times
    Images
    108
    Rep Power
    19434

    Default Re: CV Axle Replacement

    Nice job! Even know it is morning, grab yourself a beer!
    Highwaylizard likes this.
    2003 Sequoia Limited 4wd- Revtec lift, 285/70/17 Nitto Terra Grapplers

    Life's a bore, I'm going pig hunting...

Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •